The past 10 years brought a credit boom and bust, the most damaging financial crisis in decades and $12 trillion in money creation by desperate central banks – all of which made for a pretty average decade.
Rather average, that is, in terms of the returns produced by big U.S. stocks.
Through Dec. 31, the average annual total return for the Standard & Poor’s 500 stock index was 7.6%, according to FactSet. That’s up sharply from negative 1% five years earlier, when the market was winding up a “lost decade.” This measure of the past decade’s gains is now approaching long-term average yearly return.
Since 1926, big American stocks have delivered just over 10% a year, and Jeremy Siegel’s study on stock performance dating back to 1871 pegged the average at 6.8% after inflation, which is slightly above the pace of the past 10 years.
So the market took a messy, dramatic, sometimes scary and then euphoric path to a respectable, if pedestrian, performance since the end of 2004. It barely nosed above its 2000 peak in late 2007, then was cut in half within 18 months, and since the March 2009 low has surged more than 200%.
The question now -- especially for those who haven’t participated in the past few years’ ascent -- is how much life this bull market might have left in it, both in terms of duration and upside.
A glance at this long-term chart of rolling 10-year stock returns would lead many to the conclusion
that this uptrend is really just getting in gear. Throughout history,
this gauge has spent far more time at levels well above the current one.
Yet it’s worth noting how rapid the upside progress has been in just the
past few years -- and how this 10-year measure will keep rising in
coming years even if stocks stall out or merely trudge higher. The
S&P 500 has appreciated at an average of more than 17% annually the
past six years.
Financial advisor and Yahoo Finance contributor Ben Carlson calculates that if stocks stay right where they are for the
next four years, the trailing 10-year return will rise to 9.9%; if
stocks shuffle ahead by a modest 5% a year over that time, the 10-year
average will jump to more than 12% by the end of 2018.
In those terms, it might appear that the market doesn’t exactly owe investors much in coming years.
Jim Paulsen, strategist at Wells Capital Management, this week noted that
beneath the indexes, the typical stock is now about as expensive as it
has ever been.
Sure, the S&P 500 as a whole trades at 18-times the past year’s operating
profits, and a bit more than 16-times forecast earnings for 2015 –
modestly but not alarmingly above the long-term average. But this
aggregate multiple is dragged lower by a relative handful of mega-cap
stocks that appear quite cheap statistically, such as Apple Inc. (AAPL), Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) and Bank of America Corp. (BAC).
Using an academic screen performed each summer of all New York
Stock Exchange issues, Paulsen says the median stock P/E ratio is around
20 -- roughly as high as it’s been since 1950 -- which should make big
continued gains for the typical stock challenging.
This, in a way, is the reverse of the market at the height of
the tech bubble, when the S&P 500 was fabulously overpriced thanks
to richly valued blue chips and nearly all big technology stocks, while
the median company sported a multiple no higher than the historical
One of the few ways to escape much concern about how these forces sort
themselves out is to have at least a couple of decades to work with. The
market has never been down over any 20-year period. Indeed Carlson
offers the reminder that the worst trailing annual 20-year return after
the crisis was 7.7%.
Patience, then, is a comfort as well as a virtue – for those who enjoy the luxury
of lots of time before they’ll need to convert a portfolio into living expenses.